Information Security and Privacy: A Guide to Federal and State Law and Compliance, 2009 ed.

Information Security and Privacy: A Guide to Federal and State Law and Compliance, 2018 ed.
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Even with privacy controls in place, it is also far too easy for individuals to get a hold of student information and use it for illegal purposes, including identity theft, child abduction in custody battles, and domestic violence. Few parents are aware, for example, that anyone can request -- and receive -- a student directory from a school.

Data and information breaches occur every day in Pre-K schools across the country, so that protecting student privacy has become a matter of plugging holes in a dyke rather than advancing a comprehensive policy that makes student privacy protection the priority. Education agreed with the recommendation. NYS Sen. Oppenheimer and Sen. Montgomery on S. Senators demonstrate responsible data stewardship.

Basic Concepts and Definitions for Privacy and Confidentiality in Student Education Records Date Captured Thursday March 03, PM NCES This first brief discusses basic concepts and definitions that establish a common set of terms related to the protection of personally identifiable information, especially in education records. Taken by itself, the release of this information is not harmful to a student. The release of this combined record could lead to harm or embarrassment. Thus, the privacy and data protection program should focus on PII that will be maintained in the electronic student record system with its likely wealth of student data.

The information is presented in the form of an alphabetized list of definitions, followed at the end by additional resources on FERPA requirements and statistical techniques that can be used to protect student data against disclosures. Reidenberg Stanley D. Nothing is out of bounds.

Information Security Governance

Buy Information Security and Privacy: A Guide to Federal and State Law and Compliance, ed. at Legal Solutions from Thomson Reuters. Get free shipping. States also differ on other data privacy and IT security compliance laws. comply with relevant federal laws and regulations on top of any state laws and regulations. security is at stake – with manual human interference and education FTC's oft-given guidance on data privacy and information security.

No list is too obnoxious to sell. Data brokers sell lists that allow for the use of racial, ethnic and other factors that would be illegal or unacceptable in other circumstances. These lists and scores are used everyday to make decisions about how consumers can participate in the economic marketplace. Their information determines who gets in and who gets shut out.

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All of this must change. I urge you to take action. The purpose of the Act is to protect the privacy of students by establishing standards for the disclosure of directory information about students by schools.

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Some questions raised over release of student info North Dakota Date Captured Tuesday March 08, PM [North Dakota: High schools across the state would be required to give names, addresses and phone numbers of their students to the State Board of Higher Education under a proposed Senate bill. Congress Should Consider Alternatives for Strengthening Protection of Personally Identifiable Information Date Captured Tuesday September 28, PM GAOT : In its report GAO identified alternatives that the Congress should consider, including revising the scope of privacy laws to cover all personal information, requiring that the use of such information be limited to a specific purpose, and revising the structure and publication of privacy notices.

Delta College trustees won't add more student information to campus directory Date Captured Thursday March 18, PM By Andrew Dodson The Bay City Times - [Currently, information on Delta College students that is readily available, unless they have opted out, includes their name, degree, address, awards, dates attended, program, participation in activities, enrollment, e-mail and weight and height for members of athletic teams. Higgs argued that the college should have more items on file, including a student photo, whether or not that student is full or part time and a phone number. They voted against the plan While the underlying framework of the law, rooted in the principles of Fair Information Practices FIPs , is still sound, the thirty-five year-old wording of the Act renders it ill-equipped to meet many of the privacy challenges posed by modern information technology.

It gives the attorney general the power to adopt rules to determine its scope. Violation of the law would be considered an unfair trade practice. South Dakota Superintendent Thinks Info Policy Will Pass Tonight Date Captured Friday October 30, PM [Over the past month some parents have voiced their concerns to the school board over what they consider the selling of their children's contact information. Some say they don't want it to land in the wrong hands.

Pam Homan says parents have known about the information policy for some time. Allowing parents more control over where the information is given. It will allow four categories that are: school publications, directory information, SD board of regents, and military recruiters.

The result has been a series of reports, guidelines, and model codes that represent widely-accepted principles concerning fair information practices.

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Department of Education ED. PPRA is intended to protect the rights of parents and students. Commercial Activities in Schools: Use of Student Data is Limited and Additional Dissemination of Guidance Could Help Districts Develop Policies Date Captured Thursday March 12, PM GAO -- Recommendation: The Secretary of Education should take additional action to assist districts in understanding that they are required to have specific policies in place for the collection, disclosure, and use of student information for marketing and selling purposes by disseminating its guidance to state school boards associations.

EPIC's lawsuit argues that the agency's December regulations amending the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act exceed the agency's statutory authority, and are contrary to law. Understanding how, what, and when information can be shared with outside parties is an important part of emergency preparedness. To connect these education and workforce databases, states should engage a broad range of stakeholders to: 1. Prioritize, through broad-based stakeholder input, the critical policy questions to drive the development and use of longitudinal data systems.

Information Security Governance

Ensure data systems are interoperable within and across agencies and states by adopting or developing common data standards, definitions and language. Protect personally identifiable information through governance policies and practices that promote the security of the information while allowing appropriate data access and sharing. Education Department has fired the top federal official charged with protecting student privacy, in what the dismissed official says was a conflict with the agency's political leaders over their zeal to encourage the collection of data about students' academic performance.

Paul Gammill says he was physically escorted out of the department's offices on a Friday morning last month after he refused to resign as director of the agency's Family Policy Compliance Office.

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Administration officials said that "[p]rivacy laws require us to keep certain employment matters confidential, so we cannot comment on Mr. But Gammill, not so encumbered, maintains that he was dismissed because, on several occasions, he argued in internal meetings and documents that the department's approach to prodding states to expand their longitudinal student data systems violated the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, which protects the privacy of students' educational records.

These amendments permit postsecondary institutions to disclose certain information to the public and to parents of students. Putting Private Info on Government Database Date Captured Tuesday March 09, PM Phyllis Schlafly writes - [The Fordham report made numerous recommendations to beef up student privacy, such as collecting only information relevant to articulated purposes, purging unjustified data, enacting time limits for data retention and hiring a chief privacy officer for each state.

There is no indication that these suggestions will be implemented.

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The Obama Department of Education officials believe that collecting personally identifiable data is "at the heart of improving schools and school districts. We also comment on the use of full tax returns to determine eligibility. And finally, we comment on the issue of outsourcing, including the need for audit trails in regards to the proposed expansion of the school official exemption. But trying to get that kind of personal information from other school districts won't work. The issue shines a light on how school districts interpret a federal law that permits the disclosure of "directory" information - including student and parent names, addresses and phone numbers - without consent.

The law leaves it up to individual districts to define what is considered directory information. The statute also stipulates that schools must tell residents they have the right to withhold the information. Last year, Guilderland Teachers Association used those names and addresses to send parents of school-aged children postcards promoting the union's picks in a school board election.

School officials deny that any law was broken, but the district recently imposed a moratorium on releasing "directory" information after complaints by school board members and news coverage of the controversy. Some school districts -- and I'm not sure about Plano -- sell directory information to third parties as a money-making operation.

Companies, such as Coca-Cola or Citi Bank, could buy the directories and market products to students. The Study finds that large amounts of personally identifiable data and sensitive personal information about children are stored by the state departments of education in electronic warehouses or for the states by third party vendors. These data warehouses typically lack adequate privacy protections, such as clear access and use restrictions and data retention policies, are often not compliant with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, and leave K children unprotected from data misuse, improper data release, and data breaches.

The Study provides recommendations for best practices and legislative reform to address these privacy problems. National Forum on Education Statistics.

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Washington, DC: Some schools may receive a grant from a foundation or government agency to hire a nurse. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U. Department of Education. FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records.

These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level.


Students to whom the rights have transferred are 'eligible students. Schools may disclose, without consent, "directory" information such as a student's name, address, telephone number, date and place of birth, honors and awards, and dates of attendance. However, schools must tell parents and eligible students about directory information and allow parents and eligible students a reasonable amount of time to request that the school not disclose directory information about them.

The actual means of notification special letter, inclusion in a PTA bulletin, student handbook, or newspaper article is left to the discretion of each school. We will also explore lessons learned from a high-profile data breach involving student information. Russell Butler is Executive Director of the Maryland Crime Victims Resource Center, which provides criminal justice information and education, support services, therapeutic individual, family, and group counseling, and legal information, referrals, and representation to victims of crime.

And then I have Theresa Ronnebaum. Theresa is the Identity Theft Program Specialist for the Florida Attorney General's office with over 15 years experience in victim advocacy. Identifying Violence-prone Students Date Captured Thursday January 13, PM The fine line higher education officials walk in dealing with troubled students is discussed.

Among households in which at least one member experienced one or more types of identity theft, From to , the percentage of all households with one or more type of identity theft that suffered no direct financial loss increased from Department of Justice, will hold a forum to discuss child identity theft. Government, business, non-profit, legal service providers, and victim advocates will explore the nature of child identity theft, including foster care identity theft and identity theft within families, with the goal of advising parents and victims on how to prevent the crime and how to resolve child identity theft problems.

While we recognize that SSA cannot prohibit States or K schools from collecting and using SSNs as student identifiers or for other purposes, we believe SSA can help reduce the threat of identity theft and SSN misuse by encouraging States and K schools to reduce unnecessary collection of SSNs and improve protections and safeguards when collected. NYC Opposition to A. California AB. New York Senate; S. Oppenheimer, restricts the sale of student PII and requires affirmative consent for the release of sensitive information.

OHIO Notwithstanding division B 4 of section Not all SLDS development groups are called, P20 which stands for pre-K to 20 years of age — the time span over which this data is to be collected and accrued. The State is working to overcome these challenges by investing in communication tools and leveraging other quality-control methods such as a new online expenditure reporting tool in order to increase its responsiveness and efficiency in the future.

This document includes: 1. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act; b. State Stabilization Funds and Assurances 3. States are warehousing sensitive information about identifiable children. Statement of Joel R.

See pages 10 and The meeting served as a forum for dialogue, collaboration, and the sharing of best practices, providing the opportunity for more than representatives from forty-nine states and the District of Columbia. FY , FY , FY , and FY ARRA grantee states shared solutions and ideas with one another and took home information on topics identified as critical to their projects in the upcoming year.


The FFIEC has released a new tool to help credit unions better evaluate their level of cybersecurity preparedness. First, parents now may provide consent by answering a series of knowledge-based challenge questions that would be difficult for someone other than the parent to answer. Supreme Court U. As a consequence of the lack of official data privacy laws, there was a breach of personal data in when an employee's laptop from Belize's Vital Statistics Unit was stolen, containing birth certification information for all citizens residing in Belize. As a general rule, consent of the individual is required for processing, i. The NCUA expects credit unions to have the appropriate procedures in place to anticipate, identify, and mitigate cybersecurity risks.

It provides transparency about state progress and priority actions they need to take to collect and use longitudinal data to improve student success.